Heartworm, a pan-European threat to our dogs | Dogzine

Heartworm, a pan-European threat to our dogs

verspreidingsgebied en levenscyclus hartworm

Dirofilaria immitis is his name, the main heartworm in Europe. The reason for more and more problems under the canine population.
Under the Paris-Milan line, we find this worm everywhere, with the greatest risk in moist (river) areas. But in the meantime no part of Europe is still free from this nasty little parasite.

The infection in dogs occurs when they are bitten by certain species of mosquitoes. That explains why direct wetlands offer a higher risk; mosquitoes breed in stagnant water. The larvae of these heartworm, called microfilariae, creep fairly quickly into the smaller and then into the larger blood vessels and then roam freely through the body of the dog. Their goal is the heart and lungs. Within months, the innocent-looking larvae can develop into worms of more than 20 centimeters long.

They produce new larvae, but also are responsible for quite severe symptoms. A further mosquito stinging can pick a larvae from the blood of the infected dog and so spread the contamination further.

The killing of heartworms, which of course is what happens when an infection is discovered, may leave traces of the worms in the bloodstream which may cause an embolism (clot), again leading to damage and other troublesome consequences. There may be a blockage and infarction from the hearth. That is why also strict rest is prescribed to fight infection; excitement can be disastrous during the "cleanup" process.

In areas known to have heartwormthreaths prophylactic treatment therefore is recommended. Prevention is always better than curation afterwards, especially because curation is very hard to do!

dossier

Wellicht ook interessant

verspreidingsgebied en levenscyclus hartworm

Heartworm, a pan-European threat to our dogs

Dirofilaria immitis is his name, the main heartworm in Europe. The reason for more and more problems under the canine population.

Naaktslakken

Snails: French heartworm poses a big risk for your dog

The heavy rains of the past weeks has everywhere created a real snail infestation. Snails with house as without house are in large numbers  present in gardens, fields and so on.